Climate action and climate finance for NDC implementation

Aerial view of wind turbines at sea

The adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015 requires countries to implement adaptation and mitigation measures to limit the global temperature rise to below 2°C. Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) form an essential part of these efforts and, especially in developing countries, their successful implementation depends on long-term, international climate finance commitments. At the climate negotiations in Copenhagen in 2009, developed countries pledged to provide USD 100 billion per year from 2020 onwards for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures in developing countries. With climate finance estimated at USD 62 billion for 2014, it will be crucial in the coming years to secure additional funding for mitigation and adaptation measures to reach the 2020 target. The development of the international climate finance architecture, and the negotiations and agreements on the climate finance and transparency elements of the Paris Agreement will also play an important role.

German Development Cooperation aims to support both NDC and climate financing processes in partner countries to contribute to the successful implementation of the Paris Agreement. The cooperation focuses on different instruments such as National Adaptation Planning (NAP), emissions reduction measures such as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS), and international initiatives such as the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI). These projects are complemented by dialogue and consultation forums, involving all relevant stakeholders, and integrated into the dynamic processes of the Paris Agreement.

On behalf of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, adelphi worked closely with its project partner the greenwerk to develop strategies to better integrate the climate agenda, national development processes and pilot schemes. In addition, adelphi and the greenwerk developed information and knowledge material and analysis tools to study national and multilateral climate change strategies. They assisted with the design of various climate-relevant events and developed innovative policy tools for updating and improving NDC implementation. The aim was to offer advice in key areas of German development work and provide support on core issues with specialist expertise.