When it comes to species conservation and management at the EU level, four large carnivores present the greatest challenge: the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the wolf (Canis lupus), the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), and the wolverine (Gulogulo). This is due to their biological needs; their natural territories are very large and extend across national borders. In addition, their proliferation is controversial given the potential conflict with agriculture, forestry and hunting. Only in rare cases do these animals pose a danger to human life.
Local habitat regeneration, growing prey populations, government support and favourable legislation have contributed to the recovery of some large carnivore populations in the EU. At the same time, the issue remains complicated as populations are subject to different protection statuses and socio-economic conditions. In addition, political, socio-economic and societal changes call into question traditional management methods. For this reason, close cooperation among the various stakeholders involved in large carnivore management remains a major objective for the European Commission. The recent EU Action Plan for nature, people and the economy reflects this.
In June 2014, the European Commission launched the EU Platform on Coexistence between People and Large Carnivores to address the social and economic challenges associated with the re-population of these species. Platform participants and the European Commission agreed to promote initiatives to reduce conflict, share knowledge and experience, and encourage collaboration. One year later, the platform’s Secretariat was established, headed by adelphi and Callisto. The tasks of the Secretariat include: the collection of case studies that facilitate the coexistence of humans and large carnivores; networking with regional and local platforms; the exploration of public support measures; and the investigation of fear and risk perception related to large carnivores.
One special theme for the fifth year of the project was the establishment of links to regional and local platforms for large carnivores, in particular those funded by a European pilot project in which adelphi is also involved. In addition, adelphi provides support for platform members in communication activities, the organization of annual meetings and regional workshops, as well as the management of the platform website.
- Establishing regional and local platforms for the coexistence between people and large carnivores
- Scientific and technical support to the EU Platform on coexistence between people and large carnivores 2018
- Scientific and technical assistance to the Large Carnivores Platform 2017
- Providing the Secretariat to the EU Platform on Coexistence Between People and Large Carnivores
- EU Platform on Coexistence between People and Large Carnivores