In Egypt, residential, commercial and public buildings account for almost 50 per cent of total electricity consumption, with governmental buildings consuming almost 5 per cent. Net oil imports and rising government subsidies for energy are a growing burden on the public budget. At the same time, electricity consumption is forecast to increase, resulting in power shortages and a need for investments in new power generation capacities. In order to meet these challenges, the Egyptian Government has taken some initial steps and is, for example, now using energy-saving light bulbs. The Energy Efficiency Unit was also established to work on further measures.
On behalf of the KfW Development Bank, adelphi set about working on a programme for implementing energy efficiency measure in public buildings, with the aim of creating further performance incentives. Following an extensive analysis of the legal, technological and economic frameworks, adelphi investigated one government sector’s need to implement energy efficiency measures, using this analysis as model for further efforts. The results contributed to a concept for launching the programme while taking existing structures into consideration.
The project consisted of five work packages:
- Analysis of legal and administrative frameworks
- Establishment of baseline energy consumption for the existing building stock and assessment of financial, organisational and educational needs
- Evaluation of the current market environment for energy efficiency
- Programme design and development of an implementation plan
- Social and environmental impact assessments