India is among the world’s most populated countries; with roughly 1.3 billion inhabitants, it accounts for 14% of the global population and is projected to become the world’s largest country by 2025. In addition, it is characterised by a highly dynamic market economy which has recorded an annual growth rate of above 7% in recent years – a trend which has resulted in the large-scale alleviation of poverty and given rise to an increasing number of middle class consumers. Such achievements are highly desirable from the perspective of human well-being; however, the prospect of prolonged economic development will put a huge strain on India’s natural resources. This problem needs to be addressed in order to avoid the risks of climate change and further environmental degradation.
Against this background, India and the European Union launched the EU-India Strategic Partnership in 2004. As a result of international collaboration, the Indian Resource Panel (InRP) was formed within the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in 2015. The panel supports the Government of India in setting up a strategy for resource efficiency. India aims to launch a resource efficiency initiative within this framework for a number of priority sectors in order to alleviate pressures on national resources and exploit the economic benefits of resource-efficient production. The project provides technical assistance to this initiative through sectoral studies that analyse the current and future situation, the underlying institutional framework, key stakeholders and use these findings explore potential for improvements. Interactions between EU, EU Member States and InRP are being facilitated to help disseminate best practices. By producing policy briefs, arranging study tours, and conducting workshops, the project is supporting InRP in fulfilling its mandate and fostering resource efficiency in India. These actions are complemented by a tool-based awareness raising campaign, capacity building, as well as monitoring and evaluation activities.
adelphi is preparing studies for two sectors by arranging study tours and workshops as part of a larger project consortium comprised of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). Lastly, adelphi and project partners are jointly creating a specialised tool for raising awareness of resource efficiency measures among stakeholders in key sectors identified by InRP studies on resource efficiency in construction and building, and on resource recovery from waste. Furthermore, adelphi is participating in stakeholder consultation processes and providing direct assistance to InRP.