Due to its long coastal line, Vietnam is heavily exposed to detrimental climate change effects such as sea level rise, loss of land and property and food insecurity. In turn, greenhouse gas emissions in the Vietnamese energy sector are expected to increase fivefold between 2010 and 2030. Therefore, this sector has been identified as one of the most prominent for mitigation actions in Vietnam’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under the Paris Agreement. Energy efficient lighting is considered as one option to decrease the energy consumption in Vietnam. A Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) scoping study initiated by the Luxembourg Government shows that high potential for energy efficient lighting in public buildings and hence for a NAMA development in this area exists in Vietnam.
In order to demonstrate the benefits and potential to switch to EE lighting, the Luxembourg Agency for Development (LuxDev) undertook an urban mitigation pilot project in Hue City, Thua Thien Hue (TTH) Province in Vietnam. The TTH Province is particularly vulnerable to climate change due to its location between the mountains and the sea in Central Vietnam. The project aimed at developing an energy efficiency (EE) lighting NAMA proposal for larger scale funding and implementation.
adelphi in cooperation with its partner Perspectives supported this project by conceptualising the NAMA framework and proposing an appropriate NAMA project structure. The project resulted in a NAMA concept and a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) framework that was delivered through an enriched feasibility study (Technical Financial Document). As no NAMA in Vietnam has been registered with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) so far, this project served as a reference case that inspires further mitigation activities in the region, creates a spill-over effect on other regions and develops into a wider EE NAMA.