Identifying critical sustainability topics and areas of action in the supply chain represents a first important milestone for companies in sustainable supply chain management. The focus is important to be able to use the limited human and financial resources as effectively and efficiently as possible. This is often not easy. Both the procurement of data across national boundaries and the ability to influence direct and indirect suppliers to improve their sustainability performance is challenging for companies. This publication seeks to support companies in both areas and thus help to create transparency in relation to the main environmental impacts along the supply chain.
The “Atlas on Environmental Impacts: Supply Chains” shows at which sites and in which global regions along the supply chain negative impacts can occur for selected industries with high environmental impacts. This makes “hot spots” for the respective industry visible. Environmental impacts are presented via four key topics: greenhouse gas emissions, air pollutants, water consumption, and land use (Part I).
The results show the environmental impacts of each industry in Germany with their respective supply chains, i.e. from the extraction of the necessary raw materials, through their processing at upstream stages, all the way to the direct suppliers (Part II). The calculations were conducted using input-output models enhanced with ecological data (see “Description of the Methodology” for more information. On the basis of these results, the atlas introduces possible measures for designing and optimising a sustainable supply chain (Part III).