The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has been working on the security implications of climate change since 2007. In addition to providing a platform for political dialogue on climate-related security risks, the OSCE together with its partners has implemented activities on the ground in order to assess and address potential security risks stemming from climate change. These activities range from participatory assessments to the development and implementation of transboundary adaptation strategies.
Building on this work, the OSCE and adelphi have embarked on the follow-up project “Strengthening responses to security risks from climate change in South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus and Central Asia” in 2020. The aims of the project are:
- To identify and map potential climate-security hotspots in South-Eastern Europe using a participatory methodology, including a series of online formats.
- To develop and implement climate-security risk reduction and risk management strategies for selected transboundary hotspots in South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus, and Central Asia.
- To raise awareness on the linkages between climate change and security, especially by targeting policy makers, parliamentarians, civil society and the media.
In the first phase of the project, adelphi supported the OSCE by implementing participatory formats to assess climate and security risks in South-Eastern Europe, mapping climate-security hotspots as well as organising and implementing dialogue events in South-Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus. These activities resulted in the identification of possible transboundary adaptation measures in both regions. In addition, adelphi briefed the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in February 2020.
In the second phase of the project, adelphi and the OSCE will work together with regional stakeholders to develop concepts for concrete transboundary measures at priority hotspots, in order to jointly address the challenges of climate change and security. Initially, the focus will be on South-Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus.